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Transcendent Experiences in Wild and Manicured Settings: The Influence of the Trait “Connectedness to Nature.

Davis, N and Gatersleben, BCM (2013) Transcendent Experiences in Wild and Manicured Settings: The Influence of the Trait “Connectedness to Nature. Ecopsychology, 5 (2). pp. 92-102.

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Abstract

Research has overwhelmingly shown that spending time in nature can be beneficial. Yet the field is dominated by studies which compare built and manicured natural environments. Therefore relatively little is known about experiences in wild or untamed natural environments and what personal factors may affect these experiences. This study compares visitor experiences, measured as affective appraisals and transcendence, in two distinct natural environments (wild cliffs and manicured gardens), and how the trait ‘connectedness to nature’ may influence these experiences (N=253). Significant differences were found between visitor’s experiences at the wild cliffs (disturbing, aweinspiring and diminutive transcendence) and the manicured gardens (calming, boring, and deep flow transcendence). Regression analysis revealed three significant interactions and two significant non-linear results. High levels of ‘connectedness to nature’ at the cliffs positively predicted transcendence and a sense of awe; at the gardens, similarly high levels predicted a sense of calm. Nonlinear analyses revealed a convex (U) relationship between the trait of ‘connectedness to nature’, and experiencing an environment as calming, as well as a concave (inverted U) relationship with experiencing an environment as disturbing. The need to broaden experiential research content and ground research methods is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Davis, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gatersleben, BCMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2013
Identification Number : 10.1089/eco.2013.0016.
Additional Information : Copyright 2013 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. The final published version is available from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers at http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/eco.2013.0016
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 27 Jan 2015 14:39
Last Modified : 28 Jan 2015 02:33
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805377

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