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Heuristic and analytic processes in reasoning: An event-related potential study of belief bias

Banks, AP and Hope, C (2014) Heuristic and analytic processes in reasoning: An event-related potential study of belief bias Psychophysiology, 51 (3). pp. 290-297.

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Abstract

Human reasoning involves both heuristic and analytic processes. This study of belief bias in relational reasoning investigated whether the two processes occur serially or in parallel. Participants evaluated the validity of problems in which the conclusions were either logically valid or invalid and either believable or unbelievable. Problems in which the conclusions presented a conflict between the logically valid response and the believable response elicited a more positive P3 than problems in which there was no conflict. This shows that P3 is influenced by the interaction of belief and logic rather than either of these factors on its own. These findings indicate that belief and logic influence reasoning at the same time, supporting models in which belief-based and logical evaluations occur in parallel but not theories in which belief-based heuristic evaluations precede logical analysis. © 2013 Society for Psychophysiological Research.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Banks, APUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hope, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : March 2014
Identification Number : 10.1111/psyp.12169
Additional Information : This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Banks, AP and Hope, C (2014) Heuristic and analytic processes in reasoning: An event-related potential study of belief bias Psychophysiology, 51 (3). 290 - 297. ISSN 0048-5772 DOI:10.1111/psyp.12169 , which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12169.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 02 Apr 2014 11:08
Last Modified : 16 Jul 2014 12:35
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805297

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