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Pancultural Nostalgia: Prototypical Conceptions Across Cultures

Hepper, E, Wildschut, T, Sedikides, C, Ritchie, TD, Yung, Y-F, Hansen, N, Abakoumkin, G, Arikan, G, Cisek, SZ, Demasosso, DB, Gebauer, JE, Gerber, JP, Gonzalez, R, Kusumi, T, Misra, G, Rusu, M, Ryan, O, Stephan, E, Vingerhoets, AJJM and Zhou, X (2014) Pancultural Nostalgia: Prototypical Conceptions Across Cultures Emotion.

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Abstract

Nostalgia is a frequently-experienced complex emotion, understood by laypersons in the United Kingdom and United States of America to (1) refer prototypically to fond, self-relevant, social memories and (2) be more pleasant (e.g., happy, warm) than unpleasant (e.g., sad, regretful). This research examined whether people across cultures conceive of nostalgia in the same way. Students in 18 countries across 5 continents (N = 1704) rated the prototypicality of 35 features of nostalgia. The samples showed high levels of agreement on the rank-order of features. In all countries, participants rated previously-identified central (vs. peripheral) features as more prototypical of nostalgia, and showed greater inter-individual agreement regarding central (vs. peripheral) features. Cluster analyses revealed subtle variation among groups of countries with respect to the strength of these pancultural patterns. All except African countries manifested the same factor structure of nostalgia features. Additional exemplars generated by participants in an open-ended format did not entail elaboration of the existing set of 35 features. Findings identified key points of cross-cultural agreement regarding conceptions of nostalgia, supporting the notion that nostalgia is a pancultural emotion.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Hepper, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wildschut, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Sedikides, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ritchie, TDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yung, Y-FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hansen, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Abakoumkin, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Arikan, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cisek, SZUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Demasosso, DBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gebauer, JEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gerber, JPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gonzalez, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kusumi, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Misra, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rusu, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ryan, OUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stephan, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Vingerhoets, AJJMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zhou, XUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 26 May 2014
Uncontrolled Keywords : Nostalgia, Emotion, Prototype, Culture
Additional Information : ©2014 American Psychological Association. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 18 Jun 2014 13:47
Last Modified : 19 Jun 2014 01:33
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805181

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