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Explaining away the negative effects of evaluation on analogical transfer: the perils of premature evaluation.

Bearman, C, Ormerod, TC, Ball, LJ and Deptula, D (2011) Explaining away the negative effects of evaluation on analogical transfer: the perils of premature evaluation. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove), 64 (5). pp. 942-959.

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Abstract

Four experiments explored effects on analogical transfer of evaluating solutions to base problems. In contrast to reports of positive effects of explanation, evaluation consistently reduced transfer rates and impaired mental representations of base material. This effect was not ameliorated by encoding for a later memory test, summarizing, or engaging in similar processes at encoding and recall. However, providing a prior explanation task removed the inhibitory effect of evaluation. It appears that evaluation leads to encoding of extraneous material that interferes with access to solution-critical analogous information. Prior explanation inoculates against negative effects on transfer by ensuring that new information introduced via evaluation is organized around existing representations of relevant information of the base problem. The results suggest that the source of difficulty in analogical transfer may reside not only in retrieval and mapping but also in the initial encoding of problems.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Bearman, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ormerod, TCUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ball, LJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Deptula, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : May 2011
Identification Number : 10.1080/17470218.2010.528843
Uncontrolled Keywords : Attention, Concept Formation, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Generalization (Psychology), Humans, Inhibition (Psychology), Logistic Models, Male, Mathematics, Mental Recall, Neuropsychological Tests, Problem Solving, Transfer (Psychology)
Related URLs :
Additional Information : This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 64(5), 2011. Copyright Taylor & Francis, available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17470218.2010.528843
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 Mar 2015 13:38
Last Modified : 24 May 2015 01:34
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/805035

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