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Taking into account the observers' uncertainty: a graduated approach to the credibility of the patient's pain evaluation.

Rusconi, P, Riva, P, Cherubini, P and Montali, L (2010) Taking into account the observers' uncertainty: a graduated approach to the credibility of the patient's pain evaluation. J Behav Med, 33 (1). pp. 60-71.

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Abstract

This article presents two experiments aiming to investigate the adoption of a graduated measure to describe credibility attribution by observers who evaluate patients' pain accounts. A total of 160 medical students were required to express a credibility judgment on the pain intensity level of hypothetical patients. We used 16 vignettes based on a factorial mixed-design. Within-participants factors were the reported pain, the presence of a physical sign, the patient's facial expression and the patient's gender, and between-groups factors were the patient's age and the geographical distribution of the patient's name. Results confirm the well-established tendency not to believe patients' self-reports and provide information regarding the evaluators' uncertainty. The findings suggest that a graduated measure is useful for assessing the degree of uncertainty of the observers and subtle effects of different factors upon the judgment of patient's pain.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Rusconi, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Riva, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cherubini, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Montali, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : February 2010
Identification Number : 10.1007/s10865-009-9232-5
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adult, Age Factors, Facial Expression, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Geography, Humans, Italy, Male, Names, Pain, Pain Measurement, Sex Factors, Students, Medical, Uncertainty, Young Adult
Related URLs :
Additional Information : The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 13 May 2015 14:05
Last Modified : 13 May 2015 14:05
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/804775

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