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Moderators of the feature-positive effect in abstract hypothesis-evaluation tasks.

Rusconi, P, Crippa, F, Russo, S and Cherubini, P (2012) Moderators of the feature-positive effect in abstract hypothesis-evaluation tasks. Can J Exp Psychol, 66 (3). pp. 181-192.

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Abstract

Three studies using abstract materials tested possible moderators of the feature-positive effect in hypothesis evaluation whereby people use the presence of features more than their absence to judge which of 2 competing hypotheses is more likely. Drawing on a distinction made in visual perception research, we tested whether the feature-positive effect emerges both when using nonsubstitutive features, which can be removed without replacement by other features, and substitutive features, the absence of which implies the presence of other features (e.g., the colour red, the absence of which entails the presence of another colour). Furthermore, we tested whether presenting to participants both the clue occurrence probabilities (which are needed to consider clue presence) and their complements (which are needed to gauge the impact of the absent clues) decreased the feature-positive effect. The results showed that regardless of the type of feature (i.e., nonsubstitutive vs. substitutive), participants provided more responses consistent with an evaluation of the subset of present clues compared to all other kinds of responses. However, the use of substitutive features combined with an explicit presentation format of probabilistic information had a debiasing effect. Furthermore, the use of substitutive features negated participant sensitivity to the rarity of clues, whereby the feature-positive effect decreased when there was one absent clue and two present clues for problems in which the exclusive consideration of the presence of features did not suggest the correct response.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Rusconi, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Crippa, FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Russo, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cherubini, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : September 2012
Identification Number : 10.1037/a0028173
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adult, Attention, Discrimination Learning, Female, Humans, Judgment, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Probability, Visual Perception, Young Adult
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Copyright 2012 Canadian Psychological Association. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the CPA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 18 Jun 2014 07:58
Last Modified : 29 Aug 2014 01:33
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/804774

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