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Multimodal blind source separation with a circular microphone array and robust beamforming

Naqvi, SM, Khan, MS, Chambers, JA, Liu, Q and Wang, W (2011) Multimodal blind source separation with a circular microphone array and robust beamforming

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A novel multimodal (audio-visual) approach to the problem of blind source separation (BSS) is evaluated in room environments. The main challenges of BSS in realistic environments are: 1) sources are moving in complex motions and 2) the room impulse responses are long. For moving sources the unmixing filters to separate the audio signals are difficult to calculate from only statistical information available from a limited number of audio samples. For physically stationary sources measured in rooms with long impulse responses, the performance of audio only BSS methods is limited. Therefore, visual modality is utilized to facilitate the separation. The movement of the sources is detected with a 3-D tracker based on a Markov Chain Monte Carlo particle filter (MCMC-PF), and the direction of arrival information of the sources to the microphone array is estimated. A robust least squares frequency invariant data independent (RLSFIDI) beamformer is implemented to perform real time speech enhancement. The uncertainties in source localization and direction of arrival information are also controlled by using a convex optimization approach in the beamformer design. A 16 element circular array configuration is used. Simulation studies based on objective and subjective measures confirm the advantage of beamforming based processing over conventional BSS methods. © 2011 EURASIP.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Conference Paper)
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Centre for Vision Speech and Signal Processing
Authors :
Date : 2011
Additional Information : First published in the Proceedings of the 19th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO-2011) in 2011, published by EURASIP
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 Dec 2013 17:07
Last Modified : 09 Jun 2014 13:46

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