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A comparison of protocols for external beam radiotherapy beam calibrations.

Saeed Al-Ahbabi, S, Bradley, DA, Beyomi, M, Alkatib, Z, Adhaheri, S, Darmaki, M and Nisbet, A (2012) A comparison of protocols for external beam radiotherapy beam calibrations. Appl Radiat Isot, 70 (7). pp. 1331-1336.

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Abstract

A number of codes of practice (CoP) for electron and photon radiotherapy beam dosimetry are currently in use. Comparison is made of the more widely used of these, specifically those of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA TRS-398), the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM TG-51) and the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM 2003). All are based on calibration of ionization chambers in terms of absorbed dose to water, each seeking to reduce uncertainty in delivered dose, providing an even stronger system of primary standards than previous air-kerma based approaches. They also provide a firm, traceable and straight-forward formalism (Radiology, 1996). Included in making dose assessments for the three CoP are calibration coefficients for a range of beam quality indices. Measurements have been performed using clinical photon and electron beams, the absorbed dose to water being obtained following the recommendations given by each code. Electron beam comparisons have been carried out using measurements for electron beams of nominal energies 6, 9, 12, 16 and 20 MeV. Comparisons were also carried out for photon beams of nominal energies 6 and 18 MV. For photon beams use was made of NE2571 cylindrical graphite walled ionization chambers, cross-calibrated against an NE2611 Secondary Standard; for electron beams, PTW Markus and NACP-02 plane-parallel chambers were used. Irradiations were made using Varian 600C/2100C linacs, supported by water tanks and Virtual Water™ phantoms. The absorbed doses for photon and electron beams obtained following these CoP are all in good agreement, with deviations of less than 2%. A number of studies have been carried out by different groups in different countries to examine the consistency of dosimetry codes of practice or protocols. The aim of these studies is to confirm that the goal of those codes is met, namely uniformity in establishment of dosimetry of all radiation beam types used in cancer therapy in the world, and this is one of the studies.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Saeed Al-Ahbabi, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bradley, DAUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Beyomi, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Alkatib, ZUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Adhaheri, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Darmaki, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nisbet, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : July 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2011.11.065
Uncontrolled Keywords : Calibration, Radiotherapy, Uncertainty
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Feb 2017 14:12
Last Modified : 28 Feb 2017 14:12
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/804022

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