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Use of activated carbon for the recovery of chromium from industrial wastewaters

Ouki, SK and Neufeld, RD (1997) Use of activated carbon for the recovery of chromium from industrial wastewaters Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 70 (1). pp. 3-8.

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A technique for the removal and recycling of hexavalent chromium from electroplating industries was developed. It involves a two-phase process which consists of (1) the use of an activated carbon bed for the accumulation of chromium onto the surface of activated carbon followed by (2) the regeneration of the carbon leading to a concentrated chromium solution with potential for reclamation or reuse within the plating operation. Results from continuous flow experiments showed that in excess of 99% chromium removal efficiency can be achieved. It was also revealed that regeneration of the exhausted carbon under acidic conditions recovered chromium in the trivalent state with concentrations as high as 3 g dm−3, more than 12 times the influent concentration. The adsorption capacity of the activated carbon was found to increase with successive cycles of adsorption/regeneration. However, when regeneration was achieved under alkaline conditions, the chromium was recovered in the hexavalent state with concentrations as high as 8·4 g dm−3, in excess of 33 times the chromium influent concentration. In addition, under caustic regeneration conditions, the data showed that the adsorption capacity in this case decreases with the increased number of exhaustion cycles. Mass balance calculation for both acid and caustic regeneration indicated that in both cases the regeneration process was incomplete with a recovery efficiency averaging around 50%. In an attempt to maximise the recovery efficiency, a combination of caustic followed by acid regeneration was applied to the exhausted activated carbon and the results led to a drastic improvement in the total recovery process (85–98%). These results clearly show that activated carbon is a viable candidate for the removal and recovery of chromium from electroplating industries. The critical advantage in the use of activated carbon is (1) the ability to regenerate and thus prepare a concentrated chromium solution for potential reclamation or recycle to the plating operation, and (2) the potential of avoiding the generation of hazardous sludge for land disposal.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors : Ouki, SK and Neufeld, RD
Date : 1 September 1997
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199709)70:1<3::AID-JCTB664>3.0.CO;2-5
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:22
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 12:09

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