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Forecasting scenarios for UK household expenditure and associated GHG emissions: Outlook to 2030

Chitnis, M, Druckman, A, Hunt, LC, Jackson, T and Milne, S (2012) Forecasting scenarios for UK household expenditure and associated GHG emissions: Outlook to 2030 Ecological Economics, 84. pp. 129-141.

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Using the modelling tool ELESA (Econometric Lifestyle Environment Scenario Analysis), this paper describes forecast scenarios to 2030 for UK household expenditure and associated (direct and indirect) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for 16 expenditure categories. Using assumptions for real household disposable income, real prices, ‘exogenous non-economic factors’ (ExNEF), average UK temperatures and GHG intensities, three future scenarios are constructed. In each scenario, real expenditure for almost all categories of UK expenditure continues to grow up to 2030; the exceptions being ‘alcoholic beverages and tobacco’ and ‘other fuels’ (and ‘gas’ and ‘electricity’ in the ‘low’ scenario) leading to an increase in associated GHG emissions for most of the categories in the ‘reference’ and ‘high’ scenarios other than ‘food and non-alcoholic beverages’, ‘alcoholic beverages and tobacco’, ‘electricity’, ‘other fuels’ and ‘recreation and culture’. Of the future GHG emissions, about 30% is attributed to ‘direct energy’ use by households and nearly 70% attributable to ‘indirect energy’. UK policy makers therefore need to consider a range of policies if they wish to curtail emissions associated with household expenditure, including, for example, economic measures such as taxes alongside measures that reflect the important contribution of ExNEF to changes in expenditure for most categories of consumption.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environmental Strategy
Authors :
Date : 26 September 2012
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.09.016
Additional Information : NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS 84, September 2012, DOI 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.09.016.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 03 Sep 2013 08:56
Last Modified : 23 Sep 2013 20:18

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