Trilemma Stability and International Macroeconomic Archetypes
Popper, H, , Mandilaras, A and Bird, G, (2013) Trilemma Stability and International Macroeconomic Archetypes European Economic Review, 64. pp. 181-193.
Available under License : See the attached licence file.
This paper uses the simple geometry of the classic, open-economy trilemma to introduce a new gauge of the stability of international macroeconomic arrangements. The new stability gauge reflects the simultaneity of a country's choices of exchange rate fixity, financial openness, and monetary sovereignty. So, the new gauge is bounded and correspondingly non-Gaussian. We use the new stability gauge in nonlinear panel estimates to examine the post-Bretton Woods period, and we find that trilemma policy stability is linked to official holdings of foreign exchange reserves in low income countries. We also find that the combination of fixed exchange rates and financial market openness is the most stable arrangement within the trilemma; and middle-income countries have less stable trilemma arrangements than either low or high-income countries. The paper also characterizes international macroeconomic arrangements in terms of their semblance to definitive policy archetypes; and, it uses the trilemma constraint to provide a new gauge of monetary sovereignty.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Economics|
|Date :||9 September 2013|
|Identification Number :||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.08.006|
|Additional Information :||NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in European Economic Review. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication.|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||11 Sep 2013 14:40|
|Last Modified :||09 Jun 2014 13:37|
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