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Mechanistic insights into the proline-directed enantioselective heterogeneous hydrogenation of isophorone.

McIntosh, AI, Watson, DJ and Lambert, RM (2007) Mechanistic insights into the proline-directed enantioselective heterogeneous hydrogenation of isophorone. Langmuir, 23 (11). pp. 6113-6118.

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Abstract

The adsorption rates onto a range of platinum single-crystal surfaces of key species involved in the proline-directed heterogeneous enantioselective hydrogenation of isophorone were investigated by electrochemical means. Specifically, the uptakes of the prochiral reactant (isophorone), the chiral hydrogenation product (3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexanone), and the chiral directing agent ((R)- and (S)-proline) were examined. The effects of R,S chiral kink sites on the adsorption of (R,S)-proline were also studied. The reactant adsorbs approximately 105 times faster than the chiral modifier so that under conditions of competitive adsorption the latter is entirely excluded from the metal surface. Supplementary displacement and reaction rate measurements carried out with practical Pd/carbon catalysts show that under certain reaction conditions isophorone quickly displaces preadsorbed proline from the metal surface. Thus both kinetics and thermodynamics ensure that the chiral modifier can play no role in any surface-mediated process that leads to enantiodifferentiation. These results are fully consistent with the recent proposal1 that the crucial step leading to enantiodifferentiation occurs in the solution phase and not at the metal surface. In addition, it is found that there is no preferred diastereomeric interaction between (R,S)-proline and R,S step kink sites on Pt{643} and Pt{976}, implying that such sites do not play a role in determining the catalytic behavior of supported metal nanoparticles.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
McIntosh, AIUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Watson, DJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lambert, RMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 22 May 2007
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1021/la063064h
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:51
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 13:51
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/794984

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