Back to the future: Nostalgia increases optimism
Cheung, WY, Wildschut, T, Sedikides, C, Hepper, E, Arndt, J and Vingerhoets, AJJM (2013) Back to the future: Nostalgia increases optimism Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39 (11). pp. 1484-1496.
Available under License : See the attached licence file.
This research examined the proposition that nostalgia is not simply a past-oriented emotion, but its scope extends into the future, and, in particular, a positive future. We adopted a convergent validation approach, using multiple methods to assess the relation between nostalgia and optimism. Study 1 tested whether nostalgic narratives entail traces of optimism; indeed, nostalgic (compared to ordinary) narratives contained more expressions of optimism. Study 2 manipulated nostalgia through the recollection of nostalgic (vs. ordinary) events, and showed that nostalgia boosts optimism. Study 3 demonstrated that the effect of nostalgia (induced with nomothetically-relevant songs) on optimism is mediated by self-esteem. Finally, Study 4 established that nostalgia (induced with idiographically-relevant lyrics) fosters social connectedness, which subsequently increases self-esteem, which then boosts optimism. The nostalgic experience is inherently optimistic and paints a subjectively rosier future.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology|
|Date :||8 August 2013|
|Identification Number :||10.1177/0146167213499187|
|Uncontrolled Keywords :||nostalgia, optimism, emotion, memory, self-esteem, social connectedness|
|Related URLs :|
|Additional Information :||Published in "Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(11), 1484-1496, 08 August 2013. Copyright 2013 Sage Publications. Available at: http://psp.sagepub.com/content/39/11.toc|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||14 Nov 2013 16:56|
|Last Modified :||17 Aug 2014 01:34|
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