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Particles, air quality, policy and health

Heal, MR, Kumar, P and Harrison, RM (2012) Particles, air quality, policy and health Chemical Society Reviews.

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Abstract

The diversity of ambient particle size and chemical composition considerably complicates pinpointing the specific causal associations between exposure to particles and adverse human health effects, the contribution of different sources to ambient particles at different locations, and the consequent formulation of policy action to most cost-effectively reduce harm caused by airborne particles. Nevertheless, the coupling of increasingly sophisticated measurements and models of particle composition and epidemiology continue to demonstrate associations between particle components and sources (and at lower concentrations) and a wide range of adverse health outcomes. This article reviews the current approaches to source apportionment of ambient particles and the latest evidence for their health effects, and describes the current metrics, policies and legislation for the protection of public health from ambient particles. A particular focus is placed on particles in the ultrafine fraction. The review concludes with an extended evaluation of emerging challenges and future requirements in methods, metrics and policy for understanding and abating adverse health outcomes from ambient particles.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Heal, MRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kumar, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Harrison, RMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2012
Identification Number : 10.1039/C2CS35076A
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Copyright 2012 Royal Society of Chemistry
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 07 Aug 2013 09:32
Last Modified : 23 Sep 2013 20:12
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/791372

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