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Urban Fear and its Roots in Place

Brunton-Smith, IR and Jackson, J (2012) Urban Fear and its Roots in Place In: The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear. Springer, London, pp. 55-82. ISBN 978-94-007-4209-3

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Where one live seems to shape one’s worry about crime. Structural characteristics of neighbourhoods, visual signs of disorder and recorded crime have all been shown to have a direct and independent effect on individual levels of fear of crime. But when individuals evaluate their personal risk of crime, do they draw on the wider social and physical environment that extends beyond their own neighbourhood’s boundaries? In short, does the wider urban fabric matter? In this chapter we link individual survey data (from a national probability sample of individuals resident in urban areas of England and Wales) to independent measures of neighbourhood demographic characteristics, visual signs of disorder, and reported crime. Testing so-called ‘spatial autocorrelation’, our findings indicate geographical spill-over effects. Living near an area with high crime rate and visible signs of low-level disorder is associated with a higher probability of worry about crime, even holding constant one’s immediate neighbourhood context. People’s conceptions of their neighbourhood may be more complex than standard administrative boundaries, with people’s routine activities often taking them further than their own immediate locality. Equally, individuals may also assume that the crime and disorder that occurs ‘next door’ can intrude on their own ‘doorstep.’

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Authors :
Brunton-Smith, IR
Jackson, J
Editors :
Ceccato, V
Date : 2012
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:49
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 15:07

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