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A New Method of Adaptive Zoning for Spatial Interaction Models

Hagen-Zanker, A and Jin, Y (2012) A New Method of Adaptive Zoning for Spatial Interaction Models Geographical Analysis, 44. pp. 281-301.

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Abstract

Spatial interaction models commonly use discrete zones to represent locations. The computational requirements of the models normally arise with the square of the number of zones or worse. For computationally intensive models, such as land usetransport interaction models and activity-based models for city regions, this dependency of zone size is a long-standing problem that has not disappeared even with increasing computation speed in PCsit still forces modelers to compromise on the spatial resolution and extent of model coverage as well as on the rigor and depth of model-based analysis. This article introduces a new type of discrete zone system, with the objective of reducing the time for estimating and applying spatial interaction models while maintaining their accuracy. The premise of the new system is that the appropriate size of destination zones depends on the distance to their origin zone: at short distances, spatial accuracy is important and destination zones must be small; at longer distances, knowing the precise location becomes less important and zones can be larger. The new method defines a specific zone map for every origin zone; each origin zone becomes the focus of its own map, surrounded by small zones nearby and large zones farther away. We present the theoretical formulation of the new method and test it with a model of commuting in England. The results of the new method are equivalent to those of the conventional model, despite reducing the number of zone pairs by 96% and the computation time by 70%.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Hagen-Zanker, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jin, YUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.2012.00855.x
Uncontrolled Keywords : 2001 uk census constrained cellular-automata land-use location-allocation urban-growth simulation aggregation gis uncertainty sensitivity
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:49
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 13:49
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/790284

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