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Tracing the fate of dietary fatty acids: metabolic studies of postprandial lipaemia in humans

Fielding, BA (2011) Tracing the fate of dietary fatty acids: metabolic studies of postprandial lipaemia in humans Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 70 (3). 342 - 350. ISSN 0029-6651

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Abstract

Most postprandial studies have investigated the response of a single meal, yet the ingestion of sequential meals is more typical in a Western society. The aim of this review is to explain how natural and stable isotope tracers of fatty acids have been used to investigate the metabolism of dietary fat after single and multiple meals, with a focus on in vivo measurements of adipose tissue metabolism. When stable isotope tracers are combined with arteriovenous difference measurements, very specific measurements of metabolic flux across tissues can be made. We have found that adipose tissue is a net importer of dietary fat for 5 h following a single test meal and for most of the day during a typical three-meal eating pattern. When dietary fat is cleared from plasma, some fatty acids ‘spillover’ into the plasma and contribute up to 50 % of postprandial plasma non-esterified fatty acid concentrations. Therefore, plasma non-esterified fatty acid concentrations after a meal reflect the balance between intracellular and extracellular lipolysis in adipose tissue. This balance is altered after the acute ingestion of fructose. The enzyme lipoprotein lipase is a key modulator of fatty acid flux in adipose tissue and its rate of action is severely diminished in obese men. In conclusion, in vivo studies of human metabolism can quantify the way that fatty acid trafficking modulates plasma lipid concentrations. The magnitude of fatty acid flux from adipose tissue has implications for ectopic fat deposition in tissues such as the liver and muscle.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright 2011 The Author.
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > Clinical Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2011 16:08
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 18:51
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/7810

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