Divided by a common concept? Assessing the implications of different conceptualizations of hate crime in the European Union
Garland, J and Chakraborti, N (2012) Divided by a common concept? Assessing the implications of different conceptualizations of hate crime in the European Union European Journal of Criminology, 9 (1). pp. 38-51.
Garland 2012 Divided By a Common Concept Revised.pdf
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In recent years the European Union (EU) has witnessed rising levels of hate crime. However, although there have been a number of legislative and other policy initiatives introduced across the EU to combat such offences, these have developed in a piecemeal and sometimes half-hearted fashion. This article outlines the difficulties evident in theorizing hate crime and how these problems have been reflected in the divergent ways that hate crime legislation has developed across the EU. It argues that an approach to combating hate crime based on human rights, which is endorsed by many EU institutions, has failed to tackle the problem effectively and has resulted in the uneven protection of hate crime victim groups. By utilizing an individual rather than a group-based human rights approach, the damaging nature and effect of such ‘targeted victimization’ upon all hate crime victims can be better understood and addressed.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology|
|Date :||1 January 2012|
|Identification Number :||10.1177/1477370811421645|
|Uncontrolled Keywords :||Social Sciences, Criminology & Penology, hate crime, European Union, legislation, human rights, targeted victimization, VIOLENCE|
|Related URLs :|
|Additional Information :||Published in European Journal of Criminology 9(1), 2012. Copyright 2012 Sage Publications.|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||10 Jul 2013 16:57|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 20:08|
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