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New studies on the aspects of nuclear shapes

Xu, FR, Liu, HL, Wang, HL, Pei, JC, Shi, Y, Walker, PM and Frauendorf, S (2013) New studies on the aspects of nuclear shapes Acta Physica Polonica B, 44 (3). pp. 271-282.

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Abstract

Using the pairing-deformation-frequency self-consistent total-Routhiansurface and configuration-constrained potential-energy-surface calculations, we have studied nuclear deformation and its effect on the structure of nuclei. It was found that the high-order multipolarity-six (β6) deformation plays a significant role in superheavy nuclei. Possible non-collective highspin isomeric states which locate in the second well of actinide nuclei have been investigated with the predictions of excitation energies and configurations. High-spin isomers can extend shape coexistence in A ∼ 190 neutrondeficient nuclei. Triaxiality with γ 30 is found in the ground and excited rotational states of the A ∼ 70 germanium isotopes. Octupole correlations have also been discussed in different mass regions. In recent experiments, the textbook nucleus 158Er has been reached at ultrahigh spins around 65∼. We have studied 158Er ultrahigh-spin states by means of the self-consistent tilted-axis-cranking method based on the Nilsson shell correction and the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model. The calculation with a ≈ 12 ° triaxialstrongly-deformed (TSD) excited configuration can well reproduce the observed large transitional quadrupole moment. It is demonstrated that the TSD minimum at negative γdeformation which appears in the principalaxis-cranking approach is a saddle point if allowing the rotational axis to change direction.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Xu, FRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Liu, HLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, HLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pei, JCUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shi, YUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Walker, PMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Frauendorf, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : March 2013
Identification Number : 10.5506/APhysPolB.44.271
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:48
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 15:05
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/772708

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