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Effect of total sleep deprivation on postprandial metabolic and insulin responses in shift workers and non-shift workers

Wehrens, Sophie, Hampton, Shelagh, Finn, RE and Skene, Debra (2010) Effect of total sleep deprivation on postprandial metabolic and insulin responses in shift workers and non-shift workers Journal of Endocrinology, 206 (2). pp. 205-215.

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Abstract

Epidemiological studies have shown that shift workers are at a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease which may, in part, be related to metabolic and hormonal changes. Partial sleep deprivation, a common consequence of rotating shift work, has been shown to affect glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. The current study investigated the effects of one night of total sleep deprivation, as a proxy for the first night shift, on postprandial glucose, insulin and lipid (triacylglycerols (TAGs) and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs)) responses under controlled laboratory conditions in shift workers and non-shift workers. Eleven experienced shift workers (35.7±7.2 years, mean±s.d.) who had worked in shifts for 8.7±5.25 years were matched with 13 non-shift workers who had worked for 32.8±6.4 years. After an adaptation night and a baseline sleep night, volunteers were kept awake for 30.5 h, followed by a nap (4 h) and recovery sleep. Blood samples were taken prior to and after a standard breakfast following baseline sleep, total sleep deprivation and recovery sleep. Basal TAG levels prior to the standard breakfast were significantly lower after sleep deprivation, indicating higher energy expenditure. Basal NEFA levels were significantly lower after recovery sleep. Postprandial insulin and TAG responses were significantly increased, and the NEFA response was decreased after recovery sleep, suggestive of insulin insensitivity. Although there were no overall significant differences between non-shift workers and shift workers, non-shift workers showed significantly higher basal insulin levels, lower basal NEFA levels, and an increased postprandial insulin and a decreased NEFA response after recovery sleep. In future, the reasons for these inter-group differences are to be investigated.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Wehrens, SophieSophie.Wehrens@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Hampton, ShelaghS.Hampton@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Finn, REUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Skene, DebraD.Skene@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 August 2010
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1677/JOE-10-0077
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 27 Jun 2017 07:47
Last Modified : 04 Jul 2017 07:35
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/7715

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