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"Uncertainty Quantification and Film Cooling"

D'Ammaro, A and Montomoli, F (2012) "Uncertainty Quantification and Film Cooling" Computers and Fluids.

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In gas turbine cooling, hundreds of ducts are fed by common plena connected to small channels. The inlet stagnation pressure, temperature and turbulence levels are unknown in the ducts and subjected to a strong variability, due to the uncertainty associated with operating conditions and/or manufacturing defects. Despite the uncertainty level in boundary values, it is a common practice to use deterministic values. In this work, a Monte Carlo Method Lattice Sampling (MCMLS) and a Probabilistic Collocation Method (PCM) are used to assess the uncertainty quantification problem in film cooling. By assuming Gaussian distributions for the inlet total pressures, 242 CFD simulations have been performed for MCMLS and the probabilistic distribution of the adiabatic effectiveness is obtained. It provides the average value for the stochastic output and the level of confidence related to that value. The results show that 20% variation in the stochastic inputs provides a variation of the adiabatic effectiveness of about 100%, and reduces the blade life by more than 5 times. The MCMLS is two orders of magnitude less computational expensive than a standard MCM, robust and accurate but still computationally expensive for everyday design. Therefore, using the MCMLS as baseline, an innovative technique has been proposed: the Probabilistic Collocation Method (PCM), in order to both reduce the number of simulations and obtain accurate results. The developed PCM methodology is 10 times faster than the MCMLS with negligible differences in the results and three orders of magnitude faster than standard MCM. This work shows that in nowadays design, computational fluid dynamics must use stochastic methods and it is possible to integrate probabilistic analysis in the design phase to investigate the robustness by using PCM and MCMLS.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
D'Ammaro, A
Montomoli, F
Date : 15 November 2012
DOI : 10.1016/j.compfluid.2012.10.021
Related URLs :
Additional Information : NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computers and Fluids. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computers and Fluids, 71, January 2013, DOI 10.1016/j.compfluid.2012.10.021.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 23 Apr 2013 17:14
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 15:02

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