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Dietary restraint and weight loss maintenance in members of a commercial weight loss organisation

Whybrow, S, Westenhoefer, J, Engel, D, McConnon, A, Gibbs, M, Raats, Monique and Stubbs, RJ (2012) Dietary restraint and weight loss maintenance in members of a commercial weight loss organisation

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Abstract

This analysis examined the association between restrained eating behaviour and weight loss maintenance in 1428 participants of a slimming organisation who had been members for a mean_SD 16_16 months. They had lost 13.8%_9.2% of their initial weight and were trying to maintain, or increase, their weight loss during a subsequent 6-month study period. Data were collected as part of the DiOGenes study(1). Ethical approval was given by the University of Surrey Ethics Committee. Adults were recruited between August 2006 and July 2008 from Slimming World at group meetings and by email. Subjects completed questionnaires at two time points, measurement 1 (M1) at the start of the study and nominally six months later (measurement 2 (M2)). Participants’ weights (using calibrated scales) were taken from group records for M1, M2, six months before (measurement 0) and when they initially enrolled. Participants were free to continue following the weight-loss programme as they wished during this study, and there was no intervention other than completing the questionnaires. Cognitive restraint of eating or dietary restraint, disinhibition and susceptibility to hunger were measured using the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire(2). Dietary restraint is not a single construct, but can be split into flexible and rigid restraint. These two components of restraint were assessed by validated questionnaire(3). Linear regression analysis was used to identify the associations between questionnaire responses and weight change (as a percentage of M1 weight) over the study period. Participants who reported having low levels of disinhibition at the first measurement had more positive weight gains during the following six months. This only explained a small proportion of the variance in weight loss maintenance. Cognitive restraint and its components were not strongly associated with weight loss maintenance. This work was part of the Diet, Obesity and Genes project (www.diogenes-eu.org) funded by the European Commission (contract #: Food-CT-2005- 513946) in the Food Quality and Safety Priority of the Sixth Framework Program.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Conference Paper)
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Whybrow, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Westenhoefer, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Engel, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
McConnon, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gibbs, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Raats, MoniqueM.Raats@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Stubbs, RJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 27 January 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665111004873
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Copyright © The Authors 2012. Published by Cambridge University Press.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 Jul 2014 10:10
Last Modified : 03 Jul 2017 08:42
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/764028

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