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Cognitive and weight-related correlates of flexible and rigid restrained eating behaviour

Westenhoefer, J, Engel, D, Holst, C, Lorenz, J, Stubbs, J, Peacock, M, Whybrow, S and Raats, MM (2013) Cognitive and weight-related correlates of flexible and rigid restrained eating behaviour Eating Behaviors, 14 (1). pp. 69-72.

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Abstract

Objectives: Examine the association between components of restrained eating, cognitive performance and weight loss maintenance. Methods: 106 women, all members of a commercial slimming organisation for at least 6. months (mean ± SD: 15.7 ± 12.4 months), were studied who, having lost 10.1 ± 9.7 kg of their initial weight, were hoping to sustain their weight loss during the 6. month study. Dietary restraint subcomponents flexible and rigid restraint, as well as preoccupying cognitions with food, body-shape and diet were assessed using questionnaires. Attentional bias to food and shape-related stimuli was measured using a modified Stroop test. Working memory performance was assessed using the N-back test. These factors, and participant weight, were measured twice at 6. month intervals. Results: Rigid restraint was associated with attentional bias to food and shape-related stimuli (r = 0.43, p < 0.001 resp r = 0.49, p < 0.001) whereas flexible restraint correlated with impaired working memory (r = - 0.25, p < 0.05). In a multiple regression analyses, flexible restraint was associated with more weight lost and better weight loss maintenance, while rigid restraint was associated with less weight loss. Conclusions: Rigid restraint correlates with a range of preoccupying cognitions and attentional bias to food and shape-related stimuli. Flexible restraint, despite the impaired working memory performance, predicts better long-term weight loss. Explicitly encouraging flexible restraint may be important in preventing and treating obesity. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Westenhoefer, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Engel, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Holst, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lorenz, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Stubbs, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Peacock, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Whybrow, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Raats, MMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : January 2013
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.10.015
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Notice: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Eating Behaviors. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definite version was subsequently published in <Eating Behaviors, 14 (1), January 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2012.10.015
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 26 Jul 2013 11:23
Last Modified : 23 Sep 2013 20:02
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/763131

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