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Asymmetric explanations of group differences: Experimental evidence of Foucault's disciplinary power in social psychology.

Hegarty, PJ and Bruckmueller, S (2013) Asymmetric explanations of group differences: Experimental evidence of Foucault's disciplinary power in social psychology. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7 (3). pp. 176-186.

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Abstract

Whilst the same group differences can be explained in many ways, explanations of group differences tend to spontaneously figure the distinctive attributes of lower-status groups against a background norm of high-status groups’ attributes. We suggest that this asymmetry occurs in the explanations of scientists and laypeople because of ‘disciplinary power’ and works to disempower lower-status people by making them visible to the human sciences. We argue that social groups who are habitually studied first in research programs, more commonly encountered social groups, and prototypical social groups are all less likely than their counterparts to be marked in spontaneous explanations of empirical group differences. We present evidence that groups who are explicitly mentioned in such explanations are assumed to be lower in power. We describe some limitations to current knowledge about such asymmetric explanations and suggest some directions for further research, including our thoughts about how to integrate existing findings with the possibility of formulating cognitive alternatives to the status quo among minority groups.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Hegarty, PJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bruckmueller, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 March 2013
Identification Number : 10.1111/spc3.12017
Related URLs :
Additional Information : This is the accepted version of the following article: Hegarty PJ, Bruckmueller S. (2013) Asymmetric explanations of group differences: Experimental evidence of Foucault's disciplinary power in social psychology. Social and Personality Psychology Compass 7(3):176-186, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12017
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 31 Oct 2014 08:54
Last Modified : 01 Mar 2015 02:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/763032

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