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Analysis of state-of-the-art single-thruster attitude control techniques for spinning penetrator

Raus, R, Gao, Y, Wu, Y and Watt, M (2012) Analysis of state-of-the-art single-thruster attitude control techniques for spinning penetrator Acta Astronautica, 76. pp. 60-78.

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Abstract

The attitude dynamics and manoeuvre survey in this paper is performed for a mission scenario involving a penetrator-type spacecraft: an axisymmetric prolate spacecraft spinning around its minor axis of inertia performing a 90 spin axis reorientation manoeuvre. In contrast to most existing spacecraft only one attitude control thruster is available, providing a control torque perpendicular to the spin axis. Having only one attitude thruster on a spinning spacecraft could be preferred for spacecraft simplicity (lower mass, lower power consumption etc), or it could be imposed in the context of redundancy/ contingency operations. This constraint does yield restrictions on the thruster timings, depending on the ratio of minor to major moments of inertia among other parameters. The Japanese Lunar-A penetrator spacecraft proposal is a good example of such a single-thruster spin-stabilised prolate spacecraft. The attitude dynamics of a spinning rigid body are first investigated analytically, then expanded for the specific case of a prolate and axisymmetric rigid body and finally a cursory exploration of non-rigid body dynamics is made. Next two well-known techniques for manoeuvring a spin-stabilised spacecraft, the Half-cone/Multiple Half- cone and the Rhumb line slew, are compared with two new techniques, the Sector-Arc Slew developed by Astrium Satellites and the Dual-cone developed at Surrey Space Centre. Each technique is introduced and characterised by means of simulation results and illustrations based on the penetrator mission scenario and a brief robustness analysis is performed against errors in moments of inertia and spin rate. Also, the relative benefits of each slew algorithm are discussed in terms of slew accuracy, energy (propellant) efficiency and time efficiency. For example, a sequence of half-cone manoeuvres (a Multi-half-cone manoeuvre) tends to be more energy-efficient than one half-cone for the same final slew angle, but more time-consuming. As another example, the new Sector-Arc Slew and Dual-cone techniques are designed to overcome a specific restriction on attainable slew angle that is associated with the half-cone manoeuvre, giving one additional degree of freedom for designers to fine-tune. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Raus, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gao, YUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wu, YUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Watt, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : July 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2012.02.014
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 13:44
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 13:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/761781

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