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Emergence and Communication in Computational Sociology

Salgado, M and Gilbert, N (2012) Emergence and Communication in Computational Sociology Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.

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Abstract

Computational sociology models social phenomena using the concepts of emergence and downward causation. However, the theoretical status of these concepts is ambiguous; they suppose too much ontology and are invoked by two opposed sociological interpretations of social reality: the individualistic and the holistic. This paper aims to clarify those concepts and argue in favour of their heuristic value for social simulation. It does so by proposing a link between the concept of emergence and Luhmann's theory of communication. For Luhmann, society emerges from the bottom-up as communication and he describes the process by which society limits the possible selections of individuals as downward causation. It is argued that this theory is well positioned to overcome some epistemological drawbacks in computational sociology. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Salgado, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gilbert, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 22 October 2012
Identification Number : 10.1111/jtsb.12004
Related URLs :
Additional Information : This is the accepted version of the following article: Salgado M, Gilbert N (2012) Emergence and Communication in Computational Sociology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 43 (1), DOI: 10.1111/jtsb.12004, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jtsb.12004
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Oct 2014 16:39
Last Modified : 29 Oct 2014 02:33
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/749319

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