Sputter deposited transition metal nitrides as back electrode for CIGS solar cells
Mahieu, S, Leroy, WP, Van Aeken, K, Matthys, P, Depla, D, Wolter, M, Colaux, J, Lucas, S and Abadias, G (2011) Sputter deposited transition metal nitrides as back electrode for CIGS solar cells Solar Energy, 85 (3). pp. 538-544.
CIGS solar cells.pdf
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Transition metal nitrides such as TiN and ZrN have a potential use as back electrodes in Cu(In,Ga)S or Cu(In,Ga)Se solar cells. Important properties of the back electrode are its conductivity, reflection at higher wavelengths, mechanical and chemical stability, and its barrier properties for impurity diffusion when metal foils are used as flexible substrate for the solar cells. Here, TiN thin films were deposited with reactive magnetron sputtering and were characterized with Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, X-ray reflection, ellipsometry and UV-Vis-NIR optical spectroscopy. The resulting thin film density and optical reflection were characterized and compared to the particle fluxes towards the substrate. Therefore, the total momentum flux, total energy flux and momentum flux of target species towards the growing film were measured or simulated. A distinct relation between the density and optical reflection of the TiN films and the momentum flux of target species towards the substrate is shown. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering|
|Date :||March 2011|
|Identification Number :||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2010.12.021|
|Additional Information :||NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Solar Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Solar Energy, 85(3), March 2011, DOI 10.1016/j.solener.2010.12.021 .|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||22 Feb 2013 10:22|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 19:58|
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