N-halamines from rice straw
Ahmed, AE-SI, Cavalli, G, Wardell, JN, Bushell, ME and Hay, JN (2012) N-halamines from rice straw Cellulose, 19 (1). pp. 209-217.
Cellulose_2011.pdf - Accepted version Manuscript
The cellulosic part of rice straw was modified to develop N-halamine derivatives for disinfection. The process involved cross-linking of the cellulosic material with amino/amide/imide containing compounds; cyclic and acyclic. The structures of the prepared materials were identified using FTIR and solid state 13CNMR. The modified materials were halogenated to form N-halamines and the antimicrobial activity of each evaluated against examples of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli) using a variety of methods; agar plate, blended agar, stirred flask and in columns. One of the N-halamines achieved a 9 log reduction against both E. coli and S. aureus in 4 h. In addition, no S. aureus growth was recorded on agar plates blended with 0.5 g of this same material.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemistry|
|Identification Number :||10.1007/s10570-011-9606-z|
|Additional Information :||The original publication is available at http://www.springerlink.com|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||16 Dec 2011 10:11|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 18:47|
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