Commentary on community-led total sanitation and human rights: should the right to community-wide health be won at the cost of individual rights?
Bartram, J, Charles, K, Evans, B, O'Hanlon, L and Pedley, S (2012) Commentary on community-led total sanitation and human rights: should the right to community-wide health be won at the cost of individual rights? Journal of Water and Health, 10 (4). 499 - 503. ISSN 1477-8920
revised CLTS draft for jwaterhealth submission April 2012 LOH KC BE (2).pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License : See the attached licence file.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set out to halve the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation between 1990 and 2015. The slow pace of progress has lead to a search for innovative responses, including social motivation approaches. One example of this type of approach is 'Community-led Total Sanitation' (CLTS). CLTS represents a major shift for sanitation projects and programmes in recognising the value of stopping open-defecation across the whole community, even when the individual toilets built are not necessarily wholly hygienic. However, recent publications on CLTS document a number of examples of practices which fail to meet basic ethical criteria and infringe human rights. There is a general theme in the CLTS literature encouraging the use of 'shame' or 'social stigma' as a tool for promoting behaviours. There are reported cases where monetary benefits to which individuals are otherwise entitled or the means to practice a livelihood are withheld to create pressures to conform. At the very extreme end of the scale, the investigation and punishment of violence has reportedly been denied if the crime occurred while defecating in the open, violating rights to a remedy and related access to justice. While social mobilisation in general, and CLTS in particular, have drastically and positively changed the way we think about sanitation, they neither need nor benefit from an association with any infringements of human rights.
|Additional Information:||©IWA Publishing 2012. The definitive peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in Journal of Water and Health, 10 (4) 499-503 2012 DOI 10.2166/wh.2012.205 and is available at www.iwapublishing.com.|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environmental Strategy
|Depositing User:||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited:||07 Dec 2012 15:44|
|Last Modified:||23 Sep 2013 19:57|
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