University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Comment on Community-led Total Sanitation and Human Rights: Should the Right to Community-wide Health Be Won at the Cost of Individual Rights?

Bartram, J, Charles, K, Evans, B, O'Hanlon, L and Pedley, S Comment on Community-led Total Sanitation and Human Rights: Should the Right to Community-wide Health Be Won at the Cost of Individual Rights? Journal of Water and Health. (In Press)

[img] PDF
Bartram_et_al_Comment_on_CLTS_JWH_2012.pdf - Version of Record
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (130kB)

Abstract

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) set out to halve the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation between 1990 and 2015. The slow pace of progress has led to a search for innovative responses, including social motivation approaches. One example of this type of approach is ‘Community-led Total Sanitation’ (CLTS). CLTS represents a major shift for sanitation projects and programmes in recognising the value of stopping open-defecation across the whole community, even when the individual toilets built are not necessarily wholly hygienic. However, recent publications on CLTS document practices which fail to meet basic ethical criteria and infringe human rights. There is a general theme in the CLTS literature encouraging the use of ‘shame’ or ‘social stigma’ as a tool for promoting behaviours. There are reported cases where monetary benefits to which individuals are otherwise entitled or the means to practice a livelihood are withheld to create pressures to conform. At the very extreme end of the scale, investigation and punishment of violence has reportedly been denied if the crime occurred while defecating in the open, violating rights to a remedy and related to access to justice. While social mobilisation and CLTS in particular have drastically changed the way we think about sanitation, they neither need nor benefit from an association with any infringements of human rights.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Centre for Environmental Strategy
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Bartram, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Charles, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Evans, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
O'Hanlon, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pedley, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User : Katrina Charles
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 14:12
Last Modified : 28 Mar 2017 14:12
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/739708

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800