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DynAMITe: A wafer scale sensor for biomedical applications

Esposito, M, Anaxagoras, T, Fant, A, Wells, K, Konstantinidis, A, Osmond, JPF, Evans, PM, Speller, RD and Allinson, NM (2011) DynAMITe: A wafer scale sensor for biomedical applications Journal of Instrumentation, 6 (12), C12064.

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Abstract

In many biomedical imaging applications Flat Panel Imagers (FPIs) are currently the most common option. However, FPIs possess several key drawbacks such as large pixels, high noise, low frame rates, and excessive image artefacts. Recently Active Pixel Sensors (APS) have gained popularity overcoming such issues and are now scalable up to wafer size by appropriate reticule stitching. Detectors for biomedical imaging applications require high spatial resolution, low noise and high dynamic range. These figures of merit are related to pixel size and as the pixel size is fixed at the time of the design, spatial resolution, noise and dynamic range cannot be further optimized. The authors report on a new rad-hard monolithic APS, named DynAMITe (Dynamic range Adjustable for Medical Imaging Technology), developed by the UK MI-3 Plus consortium. This large area detector (12.8 cm × 12.8 cm) is based on the use of two different diode geometries within the same pixel array with different size pixels (50 μm and 100 μm). Hence the resulting device can possess two inherently different resolutions each with different noise and saturation performance. The small and the large pixel cameras can be reset at different voltages, resulting in different depletion widths. The larger depletion width for the small pixels allows the initial generated photo-charge to be promptly collected, which ensures an intrinsically lower noise and higher spatial resolution. After these pixels reach near saturation, the larger pixels start collecting so offering a higher dynamic range whereas the higher noise floor is not important as at higher signal levels performance is governed by the Poisson noise of the incident radiation beam. The overall architecture and detailed characterization of DynAMITe will be presented in this paper.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Esposito, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Anaxagoras, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Fant, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wells, KUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Konstantinidis, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Osmond, JPFUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Evans, PMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Speller, RDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Allinson, NMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2011
Identification Number : 10.1088/1748-0221/6/12/C12064
Uncontrolled Keywords : Solid state detectors, Radiation-hard detectors, Pixilated detectors and associated VLSI electronics
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 14:12
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 15:13
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/738735

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