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Protamine and chloroquine enhance gene delivery and expression mediated by RNA-wrapped single walled carbon nanotubes

Sanz, V, Coley, HM, McFadden, J, Sanz, V and Silva, SRP (2012) Protamine and chloroquine enhance gene delivery and expression mediated by RNA-wrapped single walled carbon nanotubes Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 12 (3). pp. 1739-1747.

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The use of non-viral vectors as delivery systems in gene therapy has been extensively studied recently owing to their advantages over viral vectors. Here, we propose a new gene delivery system based on the use of RNA-wrapped single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) complexed with the cationic protein, protamine and the drug chloroquine. Protamine was selected as a cationic protein acting as bridge between negatively charged RNA-wrapped SWCNTs and plasmid DNA. Protamine also contains a nuclear localization signal which enhances the expression of the transfected gene. The drug chloroquine, a lysosomotropic compound which has been reported to increase the transfection efficiency, was attached to RNA-wrapped SWNTs by ionic interactions. The simultaneous delivery of the drug chloroquine with plasmid DNA clearly showed an enhanced gene delivery and expression. The levels of gene expression were quantified using the luciferase reporter gene as model. Optimal conditions for transfection and gene expression were obtained and cytoxicity of the carbon nanotube complexes measured. The optimal complexes were shown to efficiently deliver plasmid DNA for efficient gene expression and may thereby be useful as gene delivery systems for gene therapy. Copyright © 2012 American Scientific Publishers.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
Date : 2012
Identification Number : 10.1166/jnn.2012.5172
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 14:12
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:51

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