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Effects of offenders' age and health on sentencing decisions.

Mueller-Johnson, KU and Dhami, MK (2010) Effects of offenders' age and health on sentencing decisions. Journal of Social PSychology, 150 (1). pp. 77-97.

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Abstract

Two experiments investigated the effects of age and health on mock judges' sentencing decisions. The effects of these variables on length of prison sentence were examined in the context of offense severity and prior convictions. Experiment 1 involved a violent crime. Main effects were observed for age, health, offense severity and prior convictions. There was also an age by offense severity interaction. Experiment 2 involved a child sexual abuse case. Main effects were observed for health, offense severity, and prior convictions. In addition, an age by offense severity by prior convictions interaction effect was found. Thus, across both experiments, the age leniency effect was moderated by legal factors, suggesting that extra-legal factors affect sentencing in the context of legal factors. Further, for both offenses, offenders in poor health received shorter sentences than offenders in good health, suggesting that health deserves further research attention as an extra-legal variable.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Mueller-Johnson, KUUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dhami, MKUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : January 2010
Identification Number : 10.1080/00224540903365315
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Child Abuse, Sexual, Chronic Disease, Criminal Law, Decision Making, Female, Health Status, Humans, Intention, Liability, Legal, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Inventory, Punishment, Students, Violence, Young Adult
Related URLs :
Additional Information : This is an electronic version of an article published as Mueller-Johnson KU, Dhami MK (2010). Effects of offenders' age and health on sentencing decisions. Journal of Social PSychology 150(1):77-97 Available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/vsoc20/150/1
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 01 Feb 2013 17:38
Last Modified : 23 Sep 2013 19:50
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/736041

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