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Self-improvement.

Sedikides, C and Hepper, E (2009) Self-improvement. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3 (6). pp. 899-917.

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Abstract

This article approaches the topic of improvement from a self-evaluation perspective, namely the interplay between the self-improvement motive and social or evaluative feedback. The self-improvement motive is reflected in conscious desire. It is also reflected in preferences for continuous upward feedback trajectories, upward comparison feedback, and feedback that may be self-threatening in the present but is likely to be useful in the future. The last type of feedback preference is stronger following a resource-bolstering experience (e.g. good mood, success feedback, self-affirmation). Moreover, both direct and indirect activation of the self-improvement motive facilitates recall of improvement-oriented feedback. Such feedback is associated with increased satisfaction or positive affect, a pattern qualified by individual differences (e.g. self-esteem, self-theories). Finally, improvement-oriented feedback yields better performance, a pattern also qualified by individual differences (e.g. self-enhancement, self-appraisal) as well as feedback attributes (gradual vs. sudden). This territory-mapping review will hopefully prove useful to future theorizing and research.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Sedikides, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hepper, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2009
Identification Number : 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00231.x
Uncontrolled Keywords : self-improvement, motivation, feedback, self-evaluation
Additional Information : This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Sedikides, C., & Hepper, E. G. (2009). Self-improvement. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 3, 899-917. DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-9004.2009.00231.x The article is published by Wiley-Blackwell and is available in final form at http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118902501/home
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 07 Jun 2013 15:58
Last Modified : 14 Nov 2013 15:52
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/732636

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