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Expanding the concept of parental control: a role for overt and covert control in children's snacking behaviour?

Ogden, J, Reynolds, R and Smith, A (2006) Expanding the concept of parental control: a role for overt and covert control in children's snacking behaviour? Appetite, 47 (1). pp. 100-106.

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The existing literature on parental control and children's diets is confusing. The present paper reports two studies to explore an expanded conceptualisation of parental control with a focus on overt control which 'can be detected by the child' and covert control which 'cannot be detected by the child'. In study 1, 297 parents of children aged between 4 and 11 completed a measure of overt control and covert control alongside ratings of their child's snacking behaviour as a means to assess who uses either overt or covert control and how these aspects of parental control relate to a child's snacking behaviour. The results showed that lighter parents and those with children perceived as heavier were more likely to use covert control and those from a higher social class were more likely to use overt control. Further, whilst greater covert control predicted a decreased intake of unhealthy snacks, greater overt control predicted an increased intake of healthy snacks. In study 2, 61 parents completed the same measure of overt and covert control alongside the three control subscales of the Child Feeding Questionnaire [Birch, L.L., Fisher, J.O., Grimm-Thomas, Markey, C.N., Sawyer, R. (2001). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: A measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness. Appetite, 36, 201-210] to assess degrees of overlap between these measures. The results showed that although these five measures of control were all positively correlated, the correlations between the new and existing measures indicated a maximum of 21% shared variance suggesting that covert and overt control are conceptually and statistically separate from existing measures of control. To conclude, overt and covert control may be a useful expansion of existing ways to measure and conceptualise parental control. Further, these constructs may differentially relate to snacking behaviour which may help to explain some of the confusion in the literature.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Ogden, J
Reynolds, R
Smith, A
Date : July 2006
DOI : 10.1016/j.appet.2006.03.330
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adult, Child, Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Eating, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Male, Obesity, Parents, Questionnaires
Additional Information : NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Appetite. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Appetite, 47(1), July 2006, DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2006.03.330.
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 16 Jul 2014 15:30
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:48

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