Self-enhancement and self-protection strategies in China: Cultural expressions of a fundamental human motive
Hepper, E, Sedikides, C and Cai, H (2013) Self-enhancement and self-protection strategies in China: Cultural expressions of a fundamental human motive Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44 (1). pp. 5-23.
Hepper 2013 Self enhancement and self protection startegies in China.pdf
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The motive to enhance and protect positive views of the self manifests in a variety of cognitive and behavioral strategies but its universality versus cultural specificity is debated by scholars. We sought to inform this debate by soliciting self-reports of the four principal types of self-enhancement and self-protection strategy (positivity embracement, favorable construals, self-affirming reflections, defensiveness) from a Chinese sample and comparing their structure, levels, and correlates to a Western sample. The Chinese data fit the same factor structure, and were subject to the same individual differences in regulatory focus, self-esteem, and narcissism, as the Western data. Chinese participants reported lower levels of (enhancement-oriented) positivity embracement but higher levels of (protection-oriented) defensiveness than Western participants. Levels of favorable construals were also higher in the Chinese sample, with no differences in self-affirming reflections. These findings support and extend the universalist perspective on the self by demonstrating the cross-cultural structure, yet culturally sensitive manifestation, of self-enhancement motivation.
|Divisions :||Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology|
|Date :||January 2013|
|Identification Number :||https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022111428515|
|Uncontrolled Keywords :||self-enhancement, self-protection, culture, self-esteem, narcissism|
|Related URLs :|
|Additional Information :||Publicshed in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44 (1), 5-23, 2013. Copyright 2013 Sage Publications. Available online at: http://jcc.sagepub.com/content/44/1.toc|
|Depositing User :||Symplectic Elements|
|Date Deposited :||07 Jun 2013 15:00|
|Last Modified :||23 Sep 2013 19:45|
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