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How consistent are beliefs about the causes and solutions to illness? An experimental study.

Ogden, J and Jubb, A (2008) How consistent are beliefs about the causes and solutions to illness? An experimental study. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 13 (5). pp. 505-515.

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Abstract

Objectives: Research illustrates that people hold beliefs about the causes and solutions to illness. This study aimed to assess the consistency in these beliefs in terms of their variation according to type of problem and whether they are consistent with each other. Further, the study aimed to assess whether they are open to change and whether changing beliefs about cause resulted in a subsequent shift in beliefs about solutions. Design: Experimental factorial 3 (problem) × 2 (manipulated cause) design using vignettes. Methods: Two hundred seventy-nine participants rated their beliefs about the cause and solution of one of three problems (depression, obesity and sleep problems) following a vignette which described the causes as either psychological or biomedical. Results: Beliefs about causes and solutions varied according to type of problem indicating that beliefs are illness specific. The results also showed that people hold beliefs about causes and solutions which are consistent with each other as an endorsement of a psychological cause was consistently reflected in a belief that a psychological solution was most appropriate and effective. A similar pattern was seen for beliefs about biomedical causes and solutions. Finally, the results showed that beliefs were open to manipulation and that a shift in beliefs about causes resulted in a parallel shift in beliefs about solutions.Conclusions: People hold beliefs about causes and solution which vary according to type of problem. However, they are always consistent with each other and a shift in one set of beliefs results in a significant shift in the other set.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ogden, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jubb, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : October 2008
Identification Number : 10.1080/13548500701767361
Uncontrolled Keywords : Adolescent, Adult, Anecdotes as Topic, Attitude to Health, Depression, Female, Great Britain, Humans, Male, Obesity, Questionnaires, Sleep Disorders, Young Adult
Related URLs :
Additional Information : This is an electronic version of an article published as Ogden J, Jubb A (2008). How consistent are beliefs about the causes and solutions to illness? An experimental study. Psychology, Health & Medicine 13(5):505-515. Available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cphm20/13/5
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 Jan 2013 15:48
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:47
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/732545

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