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Identification of proteins from tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) by LC-MS/MS

Borsuk, S, Newcombe, J, Mendum, TA, Dellagostin, OA and McFadden, J (2009) Identification of proteins from tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) by LC-MS/MS TUBERCULOSIS, 89 (6). 423 - 430. ISSN 1472-9792

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Abstract

The tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD) is a widely used diagnostic antigen for tuberculosis, however it is poorly defined. Most mycobacterial proteins are extensively denatured by the procedure employed in its preparation, which explains previous difficulties in identifying constituents from PPD to characterize their behaviour in B- and T-cell reactions. We here described a proteomics-based characterization of PPD from several different sources by LC-MS/MS, which combines the solute separation power of HPLC, with the detection power of a mass spectrometer. The technique is able to identify proteins from complex mixtures of peptide fragments. A total of 171 different proteins were identified among the four PPD samples (two bovine PPD and two avium PPD) from Brazil and UK. The majority of the proteins were cytoplasmic (77.9%) and involved in intermediary metabolism and respiration (24.25%) but there was a preponderance of proteins involved in lipid metabolism. We identified a group of 21 proteins that are present in both bovine PPD but were not detected in avium PPD preparation. In addition, four proteins found in bovine PPD are absent in Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine strain. This study provides a better understanding of the tuberculin PPD components leading to the identification of additional antigens useful as reagents for specific diagnosis of tuberculosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: PPD, LC-MS/MS, Proteomic analysis, Mycobacterium bovis AN5, Mycobacterium avium D4, MYCOBACTERIUM-BOVIS BCG, DELAYED-TYPE HYPERSENSITIVITY, GAMMA-INTERFERON, ACTIVE PROTEIN, SKIN-TEST, CATTLE, DIAGNOSIS, ANTIGENS, PROTECTION, SENSITIVITY
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > Microbial and Cellular Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2011 08:43
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2014 13:24
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/7319

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