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The Impact of Achievement Goal States on Working Memory

Avery, RE and Smillie, LD (2012) The Impact of Achievement Goal States on Working Memory Motivation and Emotion.

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Abstract

The present study examines the influence of achievement goal states on working memory under varying executive load. Seventy-six undergraduate students were randomly assigned to either a mastery-approach condition (goal was to develop self-referential competence), a performance- approach condition (goal was to demonstrate normative competence) or a control condition (no goal assigned) prior to completing the N-Back working memory task. Analyses revealed achievement goal effects on working memory under high executive load (3-back) but not under the less demanding loads (1-back, 2-back). Under high load, pursuit of a performance-approach goal resulted in poorer working memory processing than pursuit of a mastery-approach goal or no-goal control. Findings are unlikely to be confounded by cognitive ability, working memory capacity or state-anxiety. Contributions to the motivation–cognition interface and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
AuthorsEmailORCID
Avery, REUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smillie, LDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 25 March 2012
Identification Number : 10.1007/s11031-012-9287-4
Related URLs :
Additional Information : The original publications is available at: http://link.springer.com/journal/volumesAndIssues/11031
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 12 Dec 2012 16:09
Last Modified : 23 Sep 2013 19:42
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/728048

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