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High luminance organic light-emitting diodes with efficient multi-walled carbon nanotube hole injectors

Shi, S and Silva, SRP (2012) High luminance organic light-emitting diodes with efficient multi-walled carbon nanotube hole injectors Carbon, 50 (11). 4163 - 4170. ISSN 0008-6223

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Abstract

We report on high luminance organic light-emitting diodes using acid functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (o-MWCNTs) as efficient hole injector electrodes, using a simple, solution processable device structure. At only 10 V, the luminance approaches 50,000 cd/m with an external quantum efficiency over 2% and a current efficiency greater than 21 cd/A. The investigation of hole-only devices shows that the mechanism for hole injection changes from injection limited to bulk limited because of the higher effective work function of the anode modified by the o-MWCNTs. We expect the enhancement of the local electric field, brought about by both the dielectric inhomogeneities within the o-MWCNT containing anode and the high aspect ratio carbon nanotubes, improves hole injection from the anode to the organic active layer at much lower applied voltage. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Carbon. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Carbon, 50(11), September 2012, DOI 10.1016/j.carbon.2012.04.065.
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Advanced Technology Institute > Nano-Electronics Centre
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2012 09:43
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:42
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/728018

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