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An Energy-efficient Clustering Solution for Wireless Sensor Networks

Wei, D, Jin, Y, Vural, S, Moessner, K and Tafazolli, R (2011) An Energy-efficient Clustering Solution for Wireless Sensor Networks IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, PP (99). 1 - 11. ISSN 1536-1276

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Abstract

Hot spots in a wireless sensor network emerge as locations under heavy traffic load. Nodes in such areas quickly deplete energy resources, leading to disruption in network services. This problem is common for data collection scenarios in which Cluster Heads (CH) have a heavy burden of gathering and relaying information. The relay load on CHs especially intensifies as the distance to the sink decreases. To balance the traffic load and the energy consumption in the network, the CH role should be rotated among all nodes and the cluster sizes should be carefully determined at different parts of the network. This paper proposes a distributed clustering algorithm, Energy-efficient Clustering (EC), that determines suitable cluster sizes depending on the hop distance to the data sink, while achieving approximate equalization of node lifetimes and reduced energy consumption levels. We additionally propose a simple energy-efficient multihop data collection protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of EC and calculate the end-to-end energy consumption of this protocol; yet EC is suitable for any data collection protocol that focuses on energy conservation. Performance results demonstrate that EC extends network lifetime and achieves energy equalization more effectively than two well-known clustering algorithms, HEED and UCR.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: wireless sensor networks, energy-efficiency, clustering
Related URLs:
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering > Centre for Communication Systems Research
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2011 11:28
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 18:45
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/7261

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