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Tracking the scapula using the scapula locator with and without feedback from pressure-sensors: A comparative study

Shaheen, AF, Alexander, CM and Bull, AMJ (2011) Tracking the scapula using the scapula locator with and without feedback from pressure-sensors: A comparative study JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS, 44 (8). 1633 - 1636. ISSN 0021-9290

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Abstract

Background The scapula locator method has associated intra-observer and inter-observer errors caused by the dependency on the observer to locate the scapular landmarks. The potential effect of the pressures applied by the observer on the measured scapular kinematics when this method is used has also been overlooked so far. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of using feedback on the pressures applied on the scapula using the locator on the intra-observer and inter-observer reliabilities of the method as well as on the kinematics obtained using this method. Methods Three observers tracked the scapular motion of the dominant shoulder of each subject using the locator with no reference to pressure-feedback for three trials of bilateral elevation in the scapular plane and using the locator with pressure-feedback for three other trials. Variations between the measurements obtained were used to calculate the intra-observer errors and variations between the measurements obtained by the three observers for the same subject were used to calculate inter-observer errors. Repeated-measures ANOVA tests were used to look at differences between the two methods in terms of intra-observer and inter-observer errors and scapular kinematics. Findings Using pressure-feedback reduced the intra-observer errors but had no effect on the inter-observer errors. Different scapular kinematics was measured using the two methods. Interpretations Pressure-feedback improves the reliability of the scapula locator method. Differences in the scapular kinematics suggest that unregulated pressures have an effect on the physiological scapular motion.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Biomechanics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Biomechanics, 44(8), May 2011, DOI 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.02.139
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Technology, Biophysics, Engineering, Biomedical, Engineering, Scapula, Tracking, Pressure feedback, Scapula locator, Reliability, SHOULDER, MOTION, KINEMATICS, ROTATION, POSITION
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Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2012 19:13
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:38
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/719215

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