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Ground-fixed and on-board measurements of nanoparticles in the wake of a moving vehicle

Carpentieri, M and Kumar, P (2011) Ground-fixed and on-board measurements of nanoparticles in the wake of a moving vehicle Atmospheric Environment, 45 (32). 5837 - 5852. ISSN 1352-2310

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Abstract

An integrated experimental methodology has been applied to measure number and size distributions of particles in the 5-560�nm size range in the wake of a diesel car running at different speeds. Measurements were made at both ground-fixed (0.10 and 0.25�m above the ground level) and on-board (in 12 different sampling locations behind the moving car) measurement configurations using a fast response differential mobility spectrometer (Cambustion DMS50) with a sampling frequency up to 10�Hz. Results from both the experimental campaigns were analysed to understand the dynamics, dispersion and transport of nanoparticle emissions in the wake of a moving vehicle. Temporal changes in results were divided into three main stages (pre-evolution, evolution and post-evolution) after the release of exhaust emissions from the tailpipe. Evolution stage is of most interest where all the changes to particle number and size distribution occurred. Up to four evolution sub-stages were observed, each showing distinct evolution patterns of particle size distributions, depending on the particular experimental run. In agreement with previous studies, dilution was found to be the dominant process throughout all the evolution stages. The first evolution sub-stage was common to all the measurements, and consisted of an initial particle number concentrations and distributions change due to rapid (less than 1�s) nucleation followed by a rapid increase of accumulation mode particle number concentrations. After this first sub-stage the presence of vehicle wake with recirculating particles and the possible influence of other transformation processes lead to complex interactions. Results from the two experimental datasets clearly confirm the presence of two separate groups of particles: (i) new particles, which are freshly emitted and come directly from the tailpipe and (ii) relatively aged particles, which are entrained within the recirculation vortices of the vehicle wake and reside there for a longer time. The two groups have different characteristics and interact with each other. This interaction has often been overlooked in past studies about local scale dispersion of nanoparticle from moving vehicles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fast response measurements, Nanoparticles dispersion, Number concentrations, Size distribution, Ultrafine particles, Vehicle wake
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2011 12:02
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 18:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/7150

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