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Resonance in a model for Cooker's sloshing experiment

Alemi Ardakani, H, Bridges, TJ and Turner, MR (2012) Resonance in a model for Cooker's sloshing experiment European Journal of Mechanics B - Fluids, 36 (Novemb). 25 - 38. ISSN 0997-7546

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Abstract

Cooker's sloshing experiment is a prototype for studying the dynamic coupling between fluid sloshing and vessel motion. It involves a container, partially filled with fluid, suspended by two cables and constrained to remain horizontal while undergoing a pendulum-like motion. In this paper the fully-nonlinear equations are taken as a starting point, including a new derivation of the coupled equation for vessel motion, which is a forced nonlinear pendulum equation. The equations are then linearized and the natural frequencies studied. The coupling leads to a highly nonlinear transcendental characteristic equation for the frequencies. Two derivations of the characteristic equation are given, one based on a cosine expansion and the other based on a class of vertical eigenfunctions. These two characteristic equations are compared with previous results in the literature. Although the two derivations lead to dramatically different forms for the characteristic equation, we prove that they are equivalent. The most important observation is the discovery of an internal $1:1$ resonance in the fully two-dimensional finite depth model, where symmetric fluid modes are coupled to the vessel motion. Numerical evaluation of the resonant and nonresonant modes are presented. The implications of the resonance for the fluid dynamics, and for the nonlinear coupled dynamics near the resonance are also briefly discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in European Journal of Mechanics B - Fluids. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in European Journal of Mechanics B - Fluids, May 2012, DOI 10.1016/j.euromechflu.2012.04.007
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2012 09:54
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2014 13:18
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/713639

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