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Validation of a simple spherical head model as a signal capture device for head-movement-aware prediction of perceived spatial impression

Kim, C, Mason, R and Brookes, T (2010) Validation of a simple spherical head model as a signal capture device for head-movement-aware prediction of perceived spatial impression In: AES 40th International Conference (Spatial Audio: Sense the Sound of Space), 2010-10-08 - 2010-10-10, Tokyo, Japan.

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Abstract

In order to take head movement into account in objective evaluation of perceived spatial impression (including source direction), a suitable binaural capture device is required. A signal capture system was suggested that consisted of a head-sized sphere containing multiple pairs of microphones which, in comparison to a rotating head and torso simulator (HATS), has the potential for improved measurement speed and the capability to measure time varying systems, albeit at the expense of some accuracy. The error introduced by using a relatively simple sphere compared to a more physically accurate HATS was evaluated in terms of three binaural parameters related to perceived spatial impression – interaural time and level differences (ITD and ILD) and interaural cross-correlation coefficient (IACC). It was found that whilst the error in the IACC measurements was perceptually negligible when the sphere was mounted on a torso, the differences in measured ITD and ILD values between the sphere-with-torso and HATS were not perceptually negligible. However, it was found that the sphere-with-torso could give accurate predictions of source location based on ITD and ILD, through the use of a look-up table created from known ITD-ILD-direction mappings. Therefore the validity of the multi-microphone sphere-with-torso as a binaural signal capture device for perceptually relevant measurements of source direction (based on ITD and ILD) and spatial impression (based on IACC) was demonstrated.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Related URLs:
Divisions: Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences > School of Arts > Sound Recording
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2012 14:24
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:35
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/712913

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