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Some observations on the strength and fatigue properties of samples extracted from cast iron water mains

Belmonte, HMS, Mulheron, MJ and Smith, PA (2009) Some observations on the strength and fatigue properties of samples extracted from cast iron water mains Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 32. 916 - 925. ISSN 8756-758X

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Abstract

The strength and fatigue properties of cast iron samples taken from water distribution mains have been investigated. Specimens were sourced from three sections of pipe which had experienced varying amounts of corrosion in service, enabling the variable of pipe condition to be incorporated within the study. The strengths in four-point flexure of small specimens from the pipes examined were described using Weibull statistics; different characteristic strengths and Weibull moduli were obtained, according to the pipe condition. A further set of samples from each pipe were subjected to flexural fatigue at a range of stress levels (different stress levels were chosen for each pipe based on the short-term strength properties) and residual strength tests were carried out on the surviving samples from one stress level for each pipe. There is evidence of a fatigue effect for all sample sets. There were slight differences in the residual strength behaviour - the residual strength of the survivors was reduced in the samples from the section in best condition while the residual strength of the survivors from the other two pipe sections was relatively unaffected. These trends are discussed with reference to condition and fatigue stress level. The results suggest that mechanical fatigue may be a factor in the failure of water distribution pipes. The results may have implications for large diameter trunk mains as well as the small diameter water distribution pipes tested here. To assess the effect in more detail, consideration needs to be given to scaling effects in fatigue and the likely levels of any fatigue stress seen in service.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1460-2695.2009.01395.x/abstract;jsessionid=E14AFE226C8E3599EF6B99CB56C6AAE8.d02t03
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2012 11:54
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:34
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/712674

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