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The characterization of the interfacial interaction between polymeric methylene diphenyl diisocyanate and aluminum: A ToF-SIMS and XPS study

Shimizu, K, Phanopoulos, C, Loenders, R, Abel, M-L and Watts, JF (2010) The characterization of the interfacial interaction between polymeric methylene diphenyl diisocyanate and aluminum: A ToF-SIMS and XPS study SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS, 42 (8). 1432 - 1444. ISSN 0142-2421

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Abstract

Time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) have been employed to study the interfacial interaction between polymeric methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (PMDI) and aluminium produced by the deposition of a thin PMDI layer on the aluminium, in order to improve adhesion and/or abhesion performance. When the PMDI concentration increases, the intensity ratio fragments indicative of the reaction product with water (m/z = 106 u: C7H8N+) to that of isocyanate group (m/z = 132 u: C8H6NO+) decreases. A very thin MDI layer on oxidised aluminium samples exhibits lower 106/132 ratio than degreased samples as a result of less hydroxide/hydroxyl spices on the surface. This suggests that water reactions occur both at the surface of PMDI and at the PMDI/aluminium interface. The variation of the PMDI chemistry has also been studied by exposing PMDI treated samples to the air for various periods of time (a few hours to 14 days), in order to assess the reaction of the PMDI surface and PMDI/aluminium interface. At the interface, the yield of reaction with water is limited because of the finite amount of hydroxyl groups on the aluminium surface, and the water reaction is completed in a short period of time. However, the PMDI surface continues to react with water from the atmospheric. This methodology was also used to establish the presence of specific interactions at the PMDI/aluminium interface, and a fragment indicative of covalent bond formation between PMDI and aluminium (AlCHNO3-) is observed at the interface.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/sia.3586/abstract
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Chemistry, Physical, Chemistry, isocyanate, polyurethane, aluminum, interface interaction, ToF-SIMS, XPS, RAY PHOTOELECTRON-SPECTROSCOPY, OXIDE-FILMS, SURFACE, POLYURETHANES, STEEL
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Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2012 18:01
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:33
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/712194

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