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Student nurse socialisation in compassionate practice: A Grounded Theory study.

Curtis, K, Horton, K and Smith, P (2012) Student nurse socialisation in compassionate practice: A Grounded Theory study. Nurse Educ Today. ISSN 0260-6917

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Abstract

Compassionate practice is expected of Registered Nurses (RNs) around the world while at the same time remaining a contested concept. Nevertheless, student nurses are expected to enact compassionate practice in order to become RNs. In order for this to happen they require professional socialisation within environments where compassion can flourish. However, there is concern that student nurse socialisation is not enabling compassion to flourish and be maintained upon professional qualification. In order to investigate this further, a Glaserian Grounded Theory study was undertaken using in-depth, digitally recorded interviews with student nurses (n=19) at a university in the north of England during 2009 and 2010. Interviews were also undertaken with their nurse teachers (n=5) and data from National Health Service (NHS) patients (n=72,000) and staff (n=290,000) surveys were used to build a contextual picture of the student experience. Within the selected findings presented, analysis of the data indicates that students aspire to the professional ideal of compassionate practice although they have concerns about how compassionate practice might fit within the RN role because of constraints on RN practice. Students feel vulnerable to dissonance between professional ideals and practice reality. They experience uncertainty about their future role and about opportunities to engage in compassionate practice. Students manage their vulnerability and uncertainty by balancing between an intention to uphold professional ideals and challenge constraints, and a realisation they might need to adapt their ideals and conform to constraints. This study demonstrates that socialisation in compassionate practice is compromised by dissonance between professional idealism and practice realism. Realignment between the reality of practice and professional ideals, and fostering student resilience, are required if students are to be successfully socialised in compassionate practice and enabled to retain this professional ideal within the demands of 21st century nursing.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Nurse Education Today. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Nurse Edcation Today, 32(7), May 2012, DOI 10.1016/j.nedt.2012.04.012.
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > Clinical Medicine
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2012 14:28
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 19:32
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/711604

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