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Cross-Linked Network Development in Compatibilized Alkyd/Acrylic Hybrid Latex Films for the Creation of Hard Coatings

Wang, T, de las Heras Alarcon, CD, Goikoetxea, M, Beristain, I, Paulis, M, Barandiaran, MS, Asua, JM and Keddie, JL (2010) Cross-Linked Network Development in Compatibilized Alkyd/Acrylic Hybrid Latex Films for the Creation of Hard Coatings Langmuir: the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 26 (17). 14323 - 14333. ISSN 0743-7463

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Abstract

Hybrids made from an alkyd resin and an acrylic copolymer can potentially combine the desired properties of each component. Alkyd/acrylic hybrid latex particles were synthesized via miniemulsion polymerization and used to create films at room temperature. Comparisons of the alkyd auto-oxidative cross-linking rates and the associated network development are made between two alkyd resins (with differing levels of hydrophilicity as measured by their acid numbers). The effects of increasing the compatibilization between the alkyd and the acrylic phase via functionalization with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) are investigated. Magnetic resonance profiling and microindentation measurements reveal that film hardening occurs much faster in a GMA-functionalized alkyd hybrid than in the standard hybrid. The film's hardness increases by a factor of 4 over a 5-day period. The rate of cross-linking is significantly slower in nonfunctionalized alkyd hybrid films and when the more hydrophilic alkyd resin is used. Tensile deformation of the hybrid latex films reveals the effects of GMA functionalization and drier concentration in creating a denser cross-linked network. Modeling of the tensile deformation behavior of the hybrid films used a combination of the upper convected Maxwell model (to describe the viscoelastic component) and the Gent model (to describe the elastic component). The modeling provides a correlation between the cross-linked network formation and the resulting mechanical properties.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MINIEMULSION POLYMERIZATION, ALKYD COATINGS, SYSTEMS, EMULSION, BINDERS, LINKING, LOAD
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2011 12:58
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2013 18:44
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/7109

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