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The hydrophilic translocator for Vibrio parahaemolyticus T3SS2 is also translocated.

Zhou, X, Ritchie, JM, Hiyoshi, H, Iida, T, Davis, BM, Waldor, MK and Kodama, T (2012) The hydrophilic translocator for Vibrio parahaemolyticus T3SS2 is also translocated. Infect Immun.

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The pathogenesis of the diarrheal disease caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus, a leading cause of seafood-associated enteritis worldwide, is dependent upon a type III secretion system, T3SS2. This apparatus enables the pathogen to inject bacterial proteins (effectors) into the cytosol of host cells, and thereby modulate host processes. T3SS effector proteins transit into the host cell via a membrane pore (translocon) typically formed by 3 bacterial proteins. We have identified the third translocon protein for T3SS2: VopW, which was previously classified as an effector protein for a homologous T3SS in V. cholerae. VopW is a hydrophilic translocon protein; like other such proteins, it is not inserted into the host cell membrane, but is required for insertion of the two hydrophobic translocators, VopB2 and VopD2, that constitute the membrane channel. VopW is not required for secretion of T3SS2 effectors into the bacterial culture media; however, it is essential for transfer of these proteins into the host cell cytoplasm. Consequently, deletion of vopW abrogates the virulence of V. parahaemolyticus in several animal models of diarrheal disease. Unlike previously described hydrophilic translocators, VopW is itself translocated into the host cell cytoplasm, raising the possibility that it functions as both a translocator and an effector.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
Zhou, X
Ritchie, JM
Hiyoshi, H
Iida, T
Davis, BM
Waldor, MK
Kodama, T
Date : 14 May 2012
DOI : 10.1128/IAI.00402-12
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 28 Mar 2017 14:44
Last Modified : 31 Oct 2017 14:38

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